TIA 1A - TELEVISION INTERFACE ADAPTOR (MODEL 1A)

8. Input ports

A. General Description

There are 6 input ports on this chip whose logic state may be read on data line 7 with read addresses INPT0 through INPT5. These 6 ports are divided into two types, "dumped" and "latched". See Figure 8.

B. Dumped Input Ports (I0 through I3)

These 4 input ports are normally used to read paddle position from an external potentiometer-capacitor circuit. In order to discharge these capacitors each of these input ports has a large transistor, which may be turned on (grounding the input ports) by writing into bit 7 of the register VBLANK. When this control bit is cleared the potentiometers begin to recharge the capacitors and the microprocessor measures the time required to detect a logic 1 at each input port.

As long as bit 7 of register VBLANK is zero, these four ports are general purpose high impedance input ports. When this bit is a 1 these ports are grounded.

C. Latched Input ports (I4, I5)

These two input ports have latches which can be enabled or disabled by writing into bit 6 of register VBLANK.

When disabled, these latches are removed from the circuit completely and these ports become two general purpose input ports, whose present logic state can be read directly by the microprocessor.

When enabled, these latches will store negative (zero logic level) signals appearing on these two input ports, and the input port addresses will read the latches instead of the input ports.

When first enabled these latches will remain positive as long as the input ports remain positive (logic one). A zero input port signal will clear a latch value to zero, where it will remain (even after the port returns positive) until disabled. Both latches may be simultaneously disabled by writing a zero into bit 6 of register VBLANK.

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