TIA 1A - TELEVISION INTERFACE ADAPTOR (MODEL 1A)

5. Horizontal Motion Registers

A. General Description

There are five write only registers on this chip that contain the horizontal motion values for each of the five moving objects. A typical horizontal motion register is shown in figure 4 . The data bus (bits 4 through 7) is written into these addresses (HMP0, HMPl, HMM0, HMMl, HMBL) to load these registers with motion values. These registers supply extra (or fewer) clocks to the horizontal position counters only when commanded to do so by an HMOVE address from the microprocessor. These registers may all be cleared to zero (no motion) simultaneously by an HMCLR command from the microprocessor, or individually by loading zeros into each register. These registers are each four bits in length and may be loaded with positive (left motion), negative (right motion) or zero (no motion) values. Negative values are represented in twos complement format.

B. Timing constraints

These registers may be loaded or cleared at almost any time. The motion values they contain will be used only when an HMOVE command is addressed, and then all five motion values will be used simultaneously into all five horizontal position counters once. The only timing constraint on this operation involves the HMOVE command. The HMOVE command must be located in the microprocessor program immediately after a wait for sync (WSYNC) command. This assures that the HMOVE operation begins at the leading edge of horizontal blank, and has the full blank time to supply extra or fewer clocks to the horizontal position counters. These registers should not be modified for at least 24 Computer cycles after the HMOVE command.

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